Montessori Method of Teaching was first found in Italy by Dr. Maria Montessori in the early 1900s. The goal of Montessori Schools is to develop the child and shape the individual needs of a child and their personality through a planned curriculum that focuses on the spontaneous use of the human intellect.
The Montessori school is built on three primary principles that are Observation, Individual Liberty and preparation of the Environment for the best to be given to the child to develop the intellect of a child efficiently. Montessori School designs the Environment in which the children could freely choose from a number of developmentally appropriate activities. Montessori schools focus on the child’s experience, characterized by self-directed activity, where the teachers are more observational than what might be considered as traditional or typical. The method of capitalizing on the heightened period of attention will help students in better concentration.
Montessori school classrooms usually serve mixed-age 6- to 9-year-old and 9- to 12-year-old groupings; 6- to 12-year-old groups. Lessons are typically presented to small groups of children, who are then free to follow up with independent work of their own interest and personal responsibility dictate. Montessori educators give interdisciplinary lessons examining subjects ranging from biology and history to theology, which they refer to as “great lessons.” These provide the basis for learning throughout the year. These lessons are generally taught at the beginning of the session including the work in language, mathematics, history, the sciences, the arts, etc. The exploration outside the classes is generally supposed to develop a child’s interest in Environment. Montessori used the term “cosmic education” to indicate both the universal scope of lessons to be presented and the idea that education should help children realize the human role in the interdependent functioning of the universe.